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Glossary - P

All terms

PA

Short for Production Assistant - Responsible for keeping running orders and scripts in shape. Another PA role exists, primarily undertaking administrative duties

Pact Producers Alliance for Cinema and Television - the UK trade association representing and promoting the commercial interests of independent creative content producers
PAL

Short for Phase Alternate Line - The colour signal format for television and DVD’s for the UK and the most of Western Europe

Pan A camera shot than turns on a horizontal axis from left to right (or vice versa)
Pan And Scan The process whereby a widescreen film or TV show is converted to fit a 4:3 aspect ratio screen
Paper Edit A paper version of a project’s final cut with scenes written out
PGA Producers Guild of America
PGGB Producers Guild of Great Britain
Phase Alternate Line The colour signal format for television and DVD’s for the UK and the most of Western Europe
Pick Up Shot A shot taken after principal photography has finished
Pilot The testing episode (can be standalone) of a TV show in the hope it will get commissioned
Pitch Selling the idea of a project to a company such as a film studio or broadcaster
Pixels The basic units of an image on a TV screen
Playback Viewing / listening back to video or audio
Plot The main events of a film or TV drama
Point Of View The view from a character in a scene
Portable Single Crew A basic camera shoot, usually involving just a cameraman and sound person, mostly used in news reporting and documentary filmmaking
Post-Production The editing stage of a production in which shots are joined together and the final touches are added to project, such as grading and sound correction
PoV

Short for Point of View - The view from a character in a scene

Pre Roll Recording a few seconds prior to a real take
Preamp

Short for Preamplifier - Prepares a signal for further amplification

Preamplifier Prepares a signal for further amplification
Pre-Production The planning stage of a production before filming begins
Pre-Recorded A project filmed prior to its transmission
Principal Photography The main shooting element of a film
Producer The person responsible for the creation of a project, supervising the project from the early stages of production through to the end of post-production
Producer/Director A single role with responsibilities of both director and producer
Product Placement The subtle advertising of a product in a TV show or film by making it part of the set or storyline
Production The point at which an entire project starts filming
Production Accountant An accountant working on a production or multiple productions
Production Arm A smaller production company belonging to a larger production company
Production Assistant Responsible for keeping running orders and scripts in shape. Another PA role exists, primarily undertaking administrative duties
Production Co-Ordinator An organisational role, arranging everything from transport to edit schedules
Production Designer The person responsible for creating the visual and physical appearance of a production, including set and costume
Production House A rental company for the creative industries, supplying equipment such as camera and lighting
Production Manager A role responsible for managing the budget and organising all parts of production scheduling
Production Value The technical qualities that give the professional look of a production
Prop / Property Master The person responsible for portable objects seen on screen
Props Short for properties; objects to either decorate a set or held physically by on-screen talent
Protagonist

The main character of a film that enters a conflict because of the antagonist. The audience is intended to mostly identify with the protagonist.

PSC

Short for Portable Single Crew - A basic camera shoot, usually involving just a cameraman and sound person, mostly used in news reporting and documentary filmmaking

Pull-Back Dolly When the camera moves away from a scene